Great bittering hop, fairly neutral & compliments most other hops perfectly. Every brewer should have some. T45 type hops have had more extraneous matter removed before pelletising, resulting in higher AA & improved flavour/aromatics. Better value all round.
One of the original medium to high alpha hops, bred in England and later grown also in Belgium, Spain, Germany and the US.
Maturity Early - Mid season
Yield 1800 - 2400 kg./ha. or 1600 - 2150 lb./ac.
Growth Habit Quite vigorous and strong growing
Disease/Pest Susceptibility Susceptible to downy and powdery mildew but tolerant to German hop wilt. No strong virus reactions.
Cone-Structure Medium-sized cone, only fairly compact. Variety prone to produce leaves in cones - "cock hops"
Lupulin Medium yellow, fairly abundant
Aroma Medium-strong with some wild American tones
Alpha Acid 7 - 10% w/w
Beta Acid 3.5 - 5% w/w
Cohumulone 28 - 33% of alpha acids
Storageability 70 - 80% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20°C
Total Oil 1.6 - 2.1 mls/100 grams
Myrcene 30 - 35% of whole oil
Humulene 25 - 30% of whole oil
Carophyllene 8 - 10% of whole oil
Farnesene <1% of whole oil
General Trade Perception
A true dual-purpose hop containing moderate amounts of alpha acids combined with an acceptable aroma profile.
Chinook, US Northern Brewer, German Brewer's Gold
Typical Beer Styles
ESB, Bitter, English Pale Ale, Porter, Lager, Lambic, Munich Helles
Although declining in area in England, this variety is one of the main high-alpha hops in Germany.